University of Nebraska Using Animals for Scientific Testing Is Immoral Discussion

Description

topic is Resolved: Using animals for scientific testing is immoral 
I am the affirmative Side 
You need to be able to find and cite at least three credible sources.
Proposition of Value Debate Assignment Sheet
Verbal Debate: 200 Points

Debate Brief: 25 Points
Objective: The objective of the value debate is to argue the worth, merit, or beauty of something. You may also argue that something is better than something else, or that a certain value (e.g. “security”) trumps another (e.g. “liberty”). You will continue to gain speaking experience on a topic of your choice, and you will either AFFIRM or NEGATE the resolution that you and your partner mutually decide. 
Directions: You will be assigned a debate partner & brainstorm possible resolutions for your value debate. You want to choose something that contains an evaluative term: Good, Bad, Just, Unjust, Moral, Best, Worst, Important. You will need to clearly explain what you mean by this term and how you interpret this term within the context of your debate. For example, if you claim that Black Panther is the best superhero, you will need to break down what you mean by ‘best’ – is it because of his powers, his storyline, or his costume? Or, is it because of the actor who plays the character in the movie, or the way the comic book character is portrayed in literature? Be specific and detailed when explaining your evaluative term.
Once you choose a general topic, you will narrow it down to a resolution. After you have decided on a resolution, get it approved by your instructor. Then, assign one of you to the affirmative side of the resolution and the other partner to the negative side. Once you know your resolution and if you are the affirmative or negative side, you begin writing your debate.
You will write and turn in a full-sentence debate script/brief. It will include at least three source citations, and will include them in three places: 
In your brief where you plan to say it. Include the author/credentials, where it was published, and the date of publication. This might look like “according to investigative journalist Jodi Kantor’s 2018 piece on National Public Radio . . .”
You must cite, as written in your brief, each source out loud. If you do not cite aloud, you do not get points.
In a reference list, formatted to APA writing standards. You do not need a title page. You do not need to format your script to APA, just your reference list. I recommend using Purdue Owl’s APA generator (Links to an external site.) to get you started, but ensure you check your citations, as generators are very useful, but often imperfect.
**The rubric is available on Canvas. You should use it as a checklist to make sure your debate includes all important parts.**
Conducting the Debate:
Affirmative Introduction (1:00-1:30 min)
Negative Introduction (1:00-1:30 min)
Affirmative Body (2:30-3:00 min)
Negative Body (2:30-3:00 min)
Up to 1 min of prep time.
Affirmative Rebuttal (0:45-1:30 min)
Up to 1 minute of prep time.
Negative Rebuttal (0:45-1:30 min)

Affirmative Conclusion (0:30-1:00 min)

Negative Conclusion (0:30-1:00 min)
Be sure to time each section of your value debate at home. It is important to learn to speak according to time limits. You earn points based on how well you adhere to time guidelines.
Materials Due:   

You must submit all debate-related materials on Canvas before you and your partner debate. See the Proposition of Value Debate Written Brief for additional details.
Tips for choosing a resolution:

It should be something that contains an EVALUATIVE TERM:

Good, Bad, Just, Unjust, Moral, Best, Worst, Important, etc.

You need to be able to find and cite at least three credible sources.
You want to have enough clash to create a debate atmosphere; you need areas on which to disagree, but be careful to not become ‘ethnocentric’ – believing that one’s culture or way of life is superior to all others.
Sample resolutions:
Embryonic stem cell research is morally wrong.
Social media is the best form of communication in the world.
The United States’ decision to not intervene in the Rwandan genocide was unjust.
It is wrong that men don’t have the same amount of paternity leave as women.
Harry Potter is the best book series of all time.
It is morally acceptable to kill an animal for biting or attacking a human.
The Vatican’s recent comments on same-sex relationships were bad.
Wealth is the most important aspect of success in America.
Remember, the affirmative speaker affirms (or agrees with) the resolution. The negative speaker negates (or disagrees with) the resolution. Both partners will use the same resolution, word for word, and each partner will use the phrasing “I affirm the resolution” or “I negate the resolution” depending upon which side each debater is on. The negative side does not re-word the resolution to fit their side; they simply disagree with it as written.

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Value Debate Outline
Name: ________________________________ Partner:_____________________________
Resolution:_________________________________________________________________
Outlines are due on the day you speak in both hard copy and on Canvas
Introduction
1. Attention Getter
2. Context for and stakes of this debate
3. Tone-setting piece of evidence & citation
4. Effective use of pathos
5. Evaluative term both identified and operationalized
6. Formal Resolution & Position (aff/neg)
7. Preview of arguments to come
Body
1. Claim 1
Claim:
Data:
Warrant:
(Transition Statement: review/preview)
2. Claim 2
Claim:
Data:
Warrant:
(Transition Statement: review/preview)
3. Claim 3
Claim:
Data:
Warrant:
Rebuttal
1. Argument(s) Rebutted:
2. Datum (example, statistic, testimony):
Conclusion
1. Restate resolution, position, and three claims
2. Restate relevance and stakes of debate using pathos
3. Resonant ending
Works Cited (APA Format)
Debate Script
Name: Khalid AL Ghammari
Resolution: social media is the greatest form of communication.
Side: Negative
Introduction
Attention: Social Media has dramatically enhanced how many people communicate today
(Bhamare, 2018). Many people use various social media platforms to stay in touch with their
friends and family. Most businesses today effectively use social media to promote their products
or services. Most companies today cannot afford not to have a social media presence. In addition,
to social media being used for communication purposes, people are using social media platforms
as a source of information on what is currently happening worldwide.
Credibility: As a social media user, I can firmly attest those multiple social media platforms
such as Facebook and Twitter are beneficial in enhancing communication. However, according
to Ben Stegner (2020), there are several adverse effects on the use of social media that can
contribute to it not being regarded as the most superb form of communication.
Preview: As part of this debate, I want to assert that social media is not the greatest form of
communication because of three reasons. The primary reason why social media should not be
regarded as the most extraordinary form of communication is due to the adverse effects
associated with the use of social media. According to the article by professor Bhamare (2018),
social media is believed to have an adverse effect on social skills and communication, especially
among adolescents. The second reason for my firm stance on social media not being the most
excellent form of communication is linked to how it has previously been used to spread fake
news. The third reason is that social media is linked to sleep deprivation.
Body
Although many people enjoy staying connected on various social media platforms,
excessive use of social media can intensify feelings of depression, anxiety, isolation, and fear of
missing out (FOMO). Spending too much time on social media is known to affect people’s
moods adversely. According to Coyne (2020), several research studies have found a link
between spending too much time on social media platforms and mental health issues such as
depression. Anyone who can’t imagine life without social media has probably fallen victim to
the adverse effects of social media.
One of the primary reasons behind the adverse effects of social media on mental health is
that most people express the best part of their lives on social media. As a result, people who do
not recognize this can become depressed when comparing it to their personal lives. According to
Stegner’s article on the harmful effects of social media on users (2020), when people compare
their lives to others, they are likely to become anxious or psychologically distressed. Generally,
most social media profiles are comprised of people wearing their best clothes and in good
locations. When people constantly see others looking supposedly perfect, they are bound to
wonder how different their lives are. Although most people may come up with a healthy
resolution that people come from different backgrounds, some come up with unhealthy
conclusions that affect their mental health (Coyne et al., 2020).
Closely linked to anxiety and depression is the fear of mission out (FOMO). FOMO is a
form of anxiety that came into existence around the same time social media came into existence
(Stegner, 2020). The use of social media renders some people scared of missing out on other
people’s positive experiences. Cyberbullying is another adverse effect of social media that can
severely affect people’s mental health. Before the existence of social media, people could only
bully others face-to-face. However, the existence of social media has dramatically changed this.
Currently, people can easily bully others through social media without having to reveal their
identities. Online attacks perpetrated by cyberbullies can leave the victims with deep mental
scars, which can result in suicide (Coyne et al., 2020).
According to a research article by Wongkoblap et al. (2017), mental illness is rapidly
becoming a serious public health problem. According to the World Health Organization, more
than 350 million people have depression (Wongkoblap et al., 2017). In respect to such statistics,
it is only prudent to recognize that although social media has its benefits on enhancing
communication, its adverse effects could cause significant problems in people’s mental health. In
addition to mental health, most people, especially the young generation, use social media as their
source of legit news on what is happening around the world. However, social media platforms
have recently been used to spread fake news about people and organizations. Findings from a
survey conducted to shed more light on the subject at hand revealed that out of 100%, only
37.5% could easily differentiate between accurate and fake news. 62.5% struggle to determine
which news is accurate or not. The fact that people can post anything on their social media
profiles increases the risk of fake news being spread.
Last but not the least, the use of social media is closely linked to sleep deprivation
(Brown, 2016). According to a BBC article written by Jessica Brown on the impact of various
social media platforms on well-being, individuals aged between 18 and 30 years have trouble
sleeping due to the time spent on social media. Due to social media, people spend a lot of time
on their devices. Research studies assert that the light from our devices can inhibit the body’s
melatonin production, which is responsible for sleep. The last thing most people do before
sleeping is checking their Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram accounts. The bright light from their
devices causes a delay in circadian rhythms, thus disrupting sleep. Sleep-deprived people are less
productive than people who have had an adequate sleep.
Rebuttal
According to my partner’s assessment, most teens suggest that social media makes them
feel more connected to information about what is happening in their friend’s life. However, what
most teens regard as staying connected could be linked to the fear of missing out (FOMO),
which is one of the adverse effects of social media use. FOMO came into existence around the
same time social media came into existence. Most people are constantly checking their feeds on
various social media platforms to see what is happening around them or in their friend’s life.
Although some people may argue it’s just being connected, it could be the fear and anxiety of
missing out on other people’s positive experiences. The more people spend time on social media,
the higher the chances of seeing people having more incredible experiences than they are having.
Conclusion
In this debate, I can firmly say that I have managed to show you why social media is not
the greatest form of communication. However, due to the adverse effects associated with its
usage, it cannot be identified as the most excellent form of communication. Social media as a
mode of communication has adverse effects on mental health. Therefore, it should be used in
moderation to reduce the number of people suffering from mental illness (Wongkoblap et al.,
2017).
References
Bhamare, C. (2018, February 8). Effects of social media on communication skills. The
Knowledge Review. https://theknowledgereview.com/effects-social-mediacommunication-skills/
Bovet, A., & Makse, H. A. (2019). Influence of fake news in Twitter during the 2016 US
presidential election. Nature Communications, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467018-07761-2
Brown, J. (2016, January 5). Is social media bad for you? The evidence and the unknowns. BBC
page. https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20180104-is-social-media-bad-for-you-theevidence-and-the-unknowns
Coyne, S. M., Rogers, A. A., Zurcher, J. D., Stockdale, L., & Booth, M. (2020). Does time spent
using social media impact mental health?: An eight year longitudinal study. Computers in
Human Behavior, 104, 106160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.106160
Stegner, B. (2020, February 4). 7 negative effects of social media on people and users.
MUO. https://www.makeuseof.com/tag/negative-effects-social-media/
Wongkoblap, A., Vadillo, M. A., & Curcin, V. (2017). Researching mental health disorders in
the era of social media: Systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19(6),
e228. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.7215
Debate Script
Resolution: social media is the greatest form of communication.
Side: Negative
Introduction
Attention: Social Media has dramatically enhanced how many people communicate today
(Bhamare, 2018). Many people use various social media platforms to stay in touch with their
friends and family. Most businesses today effectively use social media to promote their products
or services. Most companies today cannot afford not to have a social media presence. In addition,
to social media being used for communication purposes, people are using social media platforms
as a source of information on what is currently happening worldwide.
Credibility: As a social media user, I can firmly attest those multiple social media platforms
such as Facebook and Twitter are beneficial in enhancing communication. However, according
to Ben Stegner (2020), there are several adverse effects on the use of social media that can
contribute to it not being regarded as the most superb form of communication.
Preview: As part of this debate, I want to assert that social media is not the greatest form of
communication because of three reasons. The primary reason why social media should not be
regarded as the most extraordinary form of communication is due to the adverse effects
associated with the use of social media. According to the article by professor Bhamare (2018),
social media is believed to have an adverse effect on social skills and communication, especially
among adolescents. The second reason for my firm stance on social media not being the most
excellent form of communication is linked to how it has previously been used to spread fake
news. The third reason is that social media is linked to sleep deprivation.
Body
Although many people enjoy staying connected on various social media platforms,
excessive use of social media can intensify feelings of depression, anxiety, isolation, and fear of
missing out (FOMO). Spending too much time on social media is known to affect people’s
moods adversely. According to Coyne (2020), several research studies have found a link
between spending too much time on social media platforms and mental health issues such as
depression. Anyone who can’t imagine life without social media has probably fallen victim to
the adverse effects of social media.
One of the primary reasons behind the adverse effects of social media on mental health is
that most people express the best part of their lives on social media. As a result, people who do
not recognize this can become depressed when comparing it to their personal lives. According to
Stegner’s article on the harmful effects of social media on users (2020), when people compare
their lives to others, they are likely to become anxious or psychologically distressed. Generally,
most social media profiles are comprised of people wearing their best clothes and in good
locations. When people constantly see others looking supposedly perfect, they are bound to
wonder how different their lives are. Although most people may come up with a healthy
resolution that people come from different backgrounds, some come up with unhealthy
conclusions that affect their mental health (Coyne et al., 2020).
Closely linked to anxiety and depression is the fear of mission out (FOMO). FOMO is a
form of anxiety that came into existence around the same time social media came into existence
(Stegner, 2020). The use of social media renders some people scared of missing out on other
people’s positive experiences. Cyberbullying is another adverse effect of social media that can
severely affect people’s mental health. Before the existence of social media, people could only
bully others face-to-face. However, the existence of social media has dramatically changed this.
Currently, people can easily bully others through social media without having to reveal their
identities. Online attacks perpetrated by cyberbullies can leave the victims with deep mental
scars, which can result in suicide (Coyne et al., 2020).
According to a research article by Wongkoblap et al. (2017), mental illness is rapidly
becoming a serious public health problem. According to the World Health Organization, more
than 350 million people have depression (Wongkoblap et al., 2017). In respect to such statistics,
it is only prudent to recognize that although social media has its benefits on enhancing
communication, its adverse effects could cause significant problems in people’s mental health. In
addition to mental health, most people, especially the young generation, use social media as their
source of legit news on what is happening around the world. However, social media platforms
have recently been used to spread fake news about people and organizations. Findings from a
survey conducted to shed more light on the subject at hand revealed that out of 100%, only
37.5% could easily differentiate between accurate and fake news. 62.5% struggle to determine
which news is accurate or not. The fact that people can post anything on their social media
profiles increases the risk of fake news being spread.
Last but not the least, the use of social media is closely linked to sleep deprivation
(Brown, 2016). According to a BBC article written by Jessica Brown on the impact of various
social media platforms on well-being, individuals aged between 18 and 30 years have trouble
sleeping due to the time spent on social media. Due to social media, people spend a lot of time
on their devices. Research studies assert that the light from our devices can inhibit the body’s
melatonin production, which is responsible for sleep. The last thing most people do before
sleeping is checking their Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram accounts. The bright light from their
devices causes a delay in circadian rhythms, thus disrupting sleep. Sleep-deprived people are less
productive than people who have had an adequate sleep.
Rebuttal
According to my partner’s assessment, most teens suggest that social media makes them
feel more connected to information about what is happening in their friend’s life. However, what
most teens regard as staying connected could be linked to the fear of missing out (FOMO),
which is one of the adverse effects of social media use. FOMO came into existence around the
same time social media came into existence. Most people are constantly checking their feeds on
various social media platforms to see what is happening around them or in their friend’s life.
Although some people may argue it’s just being connected, it could be the fear and anxiety of
missing out on other people’s positive experiences. The more people spend time on social media,
the higher the chances of seeing people having more incredible experiences than they are having.
Conclusion
In this debate, I can firmly say that I have managed to show you why social media is not
the greatest form of communication. However, due to the adverse effects associated with its
usage, it cannot be identified as the most excellent form of communication. Social media as a
mode of communication has adverse effects on mental health. Therefore, it should be used in
moderation to reduce the number of people suffering from mental illness (Wongkoblap et al.,
2017).
References
Bhamare, C. (2018, February 8). Effects of social media on communication skills. The
Knowledge Review. https://theknowledgereview.com/effects-social-mediacommunication-skills/
Bovet, A., & Makse, H. A. (2019). Influence of fake news in Twitter during the 2016 US
presidential election. Nature Communications, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467018-07761-2
Brown, J. (2016, January 5). Is social media bad for you? The evidence and the unknowns. BBC
page. https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20180104-is-social-media-bad-for-you-theevidence-and-the-unknowns
Coyne, S. M., Rogers, A. A., Zurcher, J. D., Stockdale, L., & Booth, M. (2020). Does time spent
using social media impact mental health?: An eight year longitudinal study. Computers in
Human Behavior, 104, 106160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.106160
Stegner, B. (2020, February 4). 7 negative effects of social media on people and users.
MUO. https://www.makeuseof.com/tag/negative-effects-social-media/
Wongkoblap, A., Vadillo, M. A., & Curcin, V. (2017). Researching mental health disorders in
the era of social media: Systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19(6),
e228. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.7215

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