SNHU Self Reflection Journal Discussion

Description

Before you submit your final presentation to your supervisor for review, you must double check that it contains all the topic areas and items requested. Using the Evaluation Checklist PDF, assess your presentation draft (submitted in Milestone One) against the assignment requirements outlined in the Final Project Guidelines and Rubric PDF document.Next, create a journal assignment that answers the following questions:In what ways does your presentation meets requirements of the assignment?What are specific opportunities for improvement as you finalize the presentation for its final submission in Module Seven? Some areas to address could be visual appeal, presentation organization, presentation content, presentation opening, the notes section, and/or the focus on social media.How did your presentation benefit from the four-step planning process? Are there any steps that you could return to for improvement prior to finalization for the final submission in Module Seven? Explain.Be sure to attach the completed checklist as your self-evaluation of the presentation in the journal assignment.Components of this journal assignment will assist you in completing critical element III (Implementation) and IV (Evaluation) in your Final Project submission.For additional details, please refer to the Module Six Journal Guidelines and Rubric PDF document.e

3 attachmentsSlide 1 of 3attachment_1attachment_1attachment_2attachment_2attachment_3attachment_3

Unformatted Attachment Preview

COM 227 Module Six Journal Guidelines and Rubric
Overview: Journal assignments in this course are designed to help you make meaningful connections between the course content and the larger goals of this course.
These journals are meant to offer you a real-world glimpse of public relations, as well as the opportunity to put your critical-thinking skills to work by expressing your
thoughts in response to the questions assigned for you to answer.
Prompt: Before you submit your final presentation to your supervisor for review, you must double-check that it contains all the topic areas and items requested.
Using the Evaluation Checklist, assess your presentation draft against the assignment requirements outlined in the Final Project Guidelines and Rubric document.
Then, you will create a 250- to 500-word journal assignment that answers the following questions:
1. In what ways does your presentation meet the requirements of the assignment?
2. What are specific opportunities for improvement as you finalize the presentation for final submission in Module Seven? Some areas to address could be
visual appeal, presentation organization, presentation content, presentation opening, the notes section, and/or the focus on social media.
3. How did your presentation benefit from the four-step planning process? Are there any steps that you could return to for improvement prior to
finalization for the final submission in Module Seven? Explain.
Be sure to attach the completed checklist (with the evaluation section filled out) and your self-evaluation of the presentation. Components of this journal
assignment will assist you in completing critical element III (Implementation) and IV (Evaluation) in your final project submission.
Rubric
Guidelines for Submission: Submit this assignment as a Microsoft Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins.
Critical Elements
Evaluation
Checklist
Presentation
Requirements
Exemplary (100%)
Proficient (85%)
Needs Improvement (55%)
Not Evident (0%)
Value
Meets “Proficient” criteria and
self-evaluation illustrates a
sophisticated understanding of
concepts with substantive detail
Includes a completed checklist
with a self-evaluation in all
categories
Includes checklist with a selfDoes not include a completed
evaluation in some but not all
checklist with a self-evaluation
categories, or some categories
contain inappropriate evaluations
25
Meets “Proficient” criteria and
includes substantive detail
Outlines ways in which the
presentation fulfills the
assignment requirements
Outlines ways in which the
Does not outline ways in which
presentation fulfills the
the presentation fulfills the
assignment requirements, but
assignment requirements
contains some errors in evaluation
or lacks minor detail
20
Includes specific details as to
opportunities for presentation
improvement
Includes opportunities for
presentation improvement, but
some opportunities included are
inappropriate and/or lack detail
25
Opportunities for Meets “Proficient” criteria and
Improvement
includes substantive detail
Does not include opportunities for
presentation improvement
Critical Elements
Exemplary (100%)
Four-Step
Meets “Proficient” criteria and
Planning Process illustrated benefits and areas for
improvement in rich detail
Articulation of
Response
Journal assignment is free of
errors related to citations,
grammar, spelling, syntax and
organization and is presented in
an easy-to-read format
Proficient (85%)
Needs Improvement (55%)
Not Evident (0%)
Value
Explains how the four-step
planning process benefited the
presentation, and lists planning
steps that could be revisited for
improvement
Explains how the planning process
benefited the presentation, but
the explanation is inaccurate or
lacks detail or does not list
planning steps that can be
revisited for improvement
Does not explain how the planning
process benefited the
presentation and did not list
planning steps that could be
revisited for improvement
20
Journal assignment submission
had no major errors related to
citations, grammar, spelling,
syntax or organization
Journal assignment submission
has major errors related to
citations, grammar, spelling,
syntax or organization that
negatively impact readability and
articulation of ideas
Journal assignment submission
has critical errors related to
citations, grammar, spelling,
syntax or organization that
prevent understanding of ideas
10
Total
100%
COM 227 Final Project Guidelines and Rubric
Overview
This course offers you an introduction to the field of public relations. You will develop a foundational basis around the history and ethics of the field, while also
exploring what constitutes public relations in a more modern context. You will also become acquainted with the foundational best practices used in public
relations and develop the fundamental writing skills required in the field. This course will help you become more acquainted with what public relations is, and
learn how to convey that to others in a professional presentation.
The final project for this course is the creation and evaluation of a public relations campaign for a field or industry of your choice. The final product represents an
authentic demonstration of competency because it is common practice to create and evaluate public relations campaigns. The final project focuses on using the
four step public relations plan (research, planning, implementation, and evaluation). You will work on each step throughout the course to create a final plan.
The project is divided into two milestones, which will be submitted at various points throughout the course to scaffold learning and ensure quality final
submissions. These milestones will be submitted in Modules Three and Five. The final product will be submitted in Module Seven.
In this assignment, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following course outcomes:




COM-227-01: Explain how the history of the public relations field influences the contemporary practice of the profession
COM-227-02: Determine an approach to addressing ethical issues in public relations supported by the professional ethics code in public relations
COM-227-03: Develop engaging work appropriate to the field of public relations that accurately reflects AP writing style and best practices
COM-227-04: Utilize the four-step public relations process for informing the development of public relations projects
Prompt
Specifically, you must address the critical elements listed below. Most of the critical elements align with a particular course outcome (shown in brackets).
I.
Research: For this part of the summative assessment, you will perform the first step of the four-step public relations process, research. You will
describe the best practices and appropriate ethical practices in public relations in your presentation.
A. Create at least two slides that provide an overview of how the professional ethics code in public relations guides decision making on conflicts
of interest using examples from the ethics code and connecting them to the field you have selected. [COM-227-02]
B. Create at least two slides that provide an overview of how the professional ethics code in public relations guides decision making regarding
competition among public relations professionals using examples from the ethics code and materials presented in the course. [COM-227-02]
1
C. Create at least two slides that provide an overview of how the professional ethics code in public relations guides decision making regarding
the protection and advancement of accurate and truthful information using examples from the ethics code and materials presented in the
course, these should connect to the type of industry you have selected. [COM-227-02]
D. Discusses best practices for creating presentations in public relations. The notes section should be used, and sources should be properly
cited. [COM-227-03]
II.
Planning: For this part of the summative assessment, you will perform the second step of the four-step public relations process, planning. You will
provide an overview regarding the history of public relations and how it exists today for the industry you have selected. Your slides will be tailored to
the audience of that industry.
A. Create three slides, in your presentation, that discuss the history of PR for your industry, include any major milestones, and how the field
uses PR today. [COM-227-04]
B. Explains what research was found to support ethics and best practices. The notes section should be used and references provided. [COM227-04]
C. The presentation must reflect information for your target audience. [COM-227-03]
III.
Implementing: For this part of the summative assessment, you will perform the third step of the four-step public relations process, implementing.
You will create your public relations presentation that contains historical content meant to educate the audience about the history of the field and
how it exists today. In your presentation you must:
A. Review your overview of the history of public relations including critical milestones and how the field has grown over time. Does any new
information need to be added/changed?
B. Explain the idea of modern public relations. Be sure to support your response with evidence from the course or research. For example, how
is public relations viewed today in this field? How is social media used in public relations? This should be at least two slides. [COM-227-01]
C. Explain how the history of the field has influenced the perceptions of the practice today. Be sure to support your response with evidence
from the course or research. For example, how has the past behavior of professionals in the field influenced the perception of modern public
relations? Include at least two slides that discuss how PR is used in this field today. What is the preferred strategy and why is it effective.
[COM-227-01]
D. Determine an approach that could be used in addressing ethical issues regarding public relations. Be sure to support your response with
evidence from your research and your plan. This could include crisis, violation of policy, development of new technology, etc. [COM-227-02]
E. Utilize best practices and AP writing style throughout your presentation and speaker notes. Be sure that your work accurately and
appropriately aligns with best practices and AP writing style. [COM-227-03]
IV.
Evaluation: For this part of the summative assessment, you will perform the fourth step of the four-step public relations process, evaluation. You will
reflect on your presentation, identifying potential errors or issues in your presentation and how you might go about addressing or improving those
issues. Finally, you will speak to how the four-step process could be used in other avenues of your life. (This will be submitted separately within a
Microsoft Word document.)
2
A. Explain potential ways that any errors or issues in your presentation could be improved and justify your response. [COM-227-04]
B. Explain how your completed presentation benefited from the four-step public relations process. For example, how did the research step
assist in developing your presentation? The planning, implementing, and evaluation steps? How did the process as a whole benefit the
presentation? [COM-227-04]
C. Explain how you could use the four-step process to plan for personal, professional, or academic experiences in the future. Be sure to
support your response with examples. For example, how could the process be applied to an upcoming personal vacation? A project you have
been assigned at work? A research assignment in another course? [COM-227-04]
Milestones
Milestone One: Planning
In Module Three, you will submit the planning section of your final project. This milestone will be graded with the Milestone One Rubric.
Milestone Two: Implementing
In Module Five, you will submit the implementing section of your final project. This milestone will be graded with the Milestone Two Rubric.
Final Submission: Public Relations Campaign
In Module Seven, you will submit your final project. This will include your PowerPoint presentation, along with a Microsoft Word version of your evaluation. It
should be a complete, polished artifact containing all of the critical elements of the final product. It should reflect the incorporation of feedback gained
throughout the course. This submission will be graded with the Final Project Rubric.
Final Project Rubric
Guidelines for Submission: Your public relations campaign must be 18–22 slides in length and must be written in Associated Press style. The evaluation portion
of your final project must be submitted as a 1- to 2-page Microsoft Word document.
Critical Elements
Exemplary (100%)
Research: Conflicts of Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
Interest
examples provided demonstrate
a sophisticated awareness of the
professional ethics code in
public relations regarding
conflicts of interest
Proficient (85%)
Needs Improvement (55%)
Not Evident (0%)
Value
Provides an overview of how the
professional ethics code in
public relations guides decision
making on conflicts of interest
using examples from materials
presented in the course
Provides an overview of how the
professional ethics code in
public relations guides decision
making on conflicts of interest,
but overview is cursory, contains
inaccuracies, or does not use
examples from materials
presented in the course
Does not provide an overview of
how the professional ethics code
in public relations guides
decision making on conflicts of
interest
5.4
3
Critical Elements
Exemplary (100%)
Proficient (85%)
Needs Improvement (55%)
Not Evident (0%)
Value
Research:
Competition
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
examples provided demonstrate
a sophisticated awareness of the
professional ethics code in
public relations regarding
competition
Provides an overview of how the
professional ethics code in
public relations guides decision
making on competition using
examples from materials
presented in the course
Provides an overview of how the
professional ethics code in
public relations guides decision
making on competition, but
overview is cursory, contains
inaccuracies, or does not use
examples from materials
presented in the course
Does not provide an overview of
how the professional ethics code
in public relations guides
decision making on competition
5.3
Research: Accurate
and Truthful
Information
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
examples provided demonstrate
a sophisticated awareness of the
professional ethics code in
public relations regarding the
protection and advancement of
accurate and truthful
information
Provides an overview of how the
professional ethics code in
public relations guides the
protection and advancement of
accurate and truthful
information, using examples
from the materials presented in
the course
Provides an overview of how the
professional ethics code in
public relations guides the
protection and advancement of
accurate and truthful
information, but overview is
cursory, contains inaccuracies, or
does not use examples from
materials presented in the
course
Does not provide an overview of
how the professional ethics code
in public relations guides the
protection and advancement of
accurate and truthful
information
5.3
Research: Best
Practices
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
examples provided demonstrate
a sophisticated awareness of the
best practices for creating and
delivering presentations in
public relations
Provides an overview of the best
practices for creating and
delivering presentations in
public relations, using examples
from materials presented in the
course
Provides an overview of the best
practices for creating and
delivering presentations in
public relations, but overview is
cursory, contains inaccuracies,
or does not use examples from
the materials presented in the
course
Does not provide an overview of
the best practices for creating
and delivering presentations in
public relations
8
Planning:
Presentation
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
response clearly and precisely
demonstrates consistency in
presenting information
Creates a presentation that is
logical, uses the notes section,
and is tailored to a specific
audience
Creates a presentation flow of
Does not create a presentation
information is provides some
that provides relevant
detail, but the flow of
information
information is cursory or illogical
8
Planning: Research on Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
Ethics and Best
response demonstrates keen
Practices
insight into how previous
research on ethics and best
practices are applied
Explains how presentations
incorporate previous research
on ethics and best practices
Explains how presentations
incorporate previous research
on ethics and best practices, but
explanation is cursory or
contains inaccuracies
8
4
Does not explain how
presentations will incorporate
previous research on ethics and
best practices
Critical Elements
Planning: Audience
Exemplary (100%)
Proficient (85%)
Needs Improvement (55%)
Not Evident (0%)
Value
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and Presentation is developed for
response demonstrates a keen
the audience being presented to
and sophisticated awareness of
the needs of the audience being
presented to
Presentation is somewhat
developed for the audience
being presented to, but
information is cursory or is
inappropriate for the audience
Does not target the presentation
to the audience
8
Implementing:
History of Public
Relations
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
response demonstrates keen
insight into the critical
milestones in public relations
and how they relate to the
growth and history of the field
Provides a brief overview of the
history of public relations,
including critical milestones and
the growth of the field
Provides an overview of the
Does not provide an overview of
history of public relations as
the history of public relations as
presented in the course, but
presented in the course
overview is cursory, not brief, or
does not include the critical
milestones and growth of the
field
4
Implementing:
Modern Public
Relations
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
response demonstrates keen
insight into the idea of modern
public relations
Explains the idea of modern
public relations, supporting with
evidence from the course or
prior research
Explains the idea of modern
Does not explain the idea of
public relations, but explanation modern public relations
is cursory, contains inaccuracies,
or is not supported with
evidence from the course or
prior research
4
Implementing:
Practice Today
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
response makes cogent
connections regarding the
relationship between the past
history of public relations and
the modern practice of public
relations
Explains how the history of the
field has influenced the
perception of the practice of
public relations today,
supporting connections with
evidence from the course or
prior research
Explains how the history of the
field has influenced the
perception of the practice of
public relations today. but
explanation is cursory, contains
inaccuracies, or is not supported
with evidence from the course
or prior research
Does not explain how the history
of the field has influenced the
perception of the practice of
public relations today
4
Implementing:
Approach
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
response demonstrates a
sophisticated awareness of the
professional approaches to
addressing issues of ethics used
in the field of public relations
Determines a professional
approach that could be used in
addressing ethical issues
regarding public relations with
evidence from prior research
and planning
Determines a professional
approach that could be used in
addressing ethical issues
regarding public relations, but
determination is cursory,
contains inaccuracies, or is not
supported with evidence from
prior research and planning
Does not determine a
professional approach that could
be used in addressing ethical
issues regarding public relations
12
5
Critical Elements
Exemplary (100%)
Proficient (85%)
Needs Improvement (55%)
Not Evident (0%)
Value
Implementing: Best
Practices and AP
Writing Style
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
presentation and accompanying
speaker notes demonstrate a
sophisticated awareness of
when and how to use best
practices and AP style in public
relations projects
Utilizes appropriate best
practices and AP style
throughout the presentation and
accompanying speaker notes
Utilizes best practices and AP
style throughout the
presentation and accompanying
speaker notes, but utilization
contains inaccuracies or is not
appropriate
Does not utilize best practices
and AP style throughout the
presentation and accompanying
speaker notes
12
Explains potential ways that any Does not explain potential ways
errors or issues in the
that any errors or issues in the
presentation could be
presentation could be improved
improved but does not justify
response, or explanation is
cursory or illogical
4
Evaluation: Improved Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
makes a cogent defense of
potential improvements
Explains potential ways that any
errors or issues in the
presentation could be improved
and justifies response
Evaluation: Four-Step
Public Relations
Process
Explains how the completed
presentation benefited from the
four-step public relations
process
Explains how the completed
presentation benefited from the
four-step public relations
process, but explanation is
cursory or illogical
Does not explain how the
completed presentation
benefited from the four-step
public relations process
4
Explains how the four-step
public relations process could be
used to plan for personal,
professional, or academic
experiences in the future, and
supports with examples
Explains how the four-step
public relations process could be
used to plan for personal,
professional, or academic
experiences in the future, but
explanation is cursory or illogical
Does not explain how the fourstep public relations process
could be used to plan for
personal, professional, or
academic experiences in the
future
4
Submission has no major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
Submission has major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that negatively impact
readability and articulation of
main ideas
Submission has critical errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that prevent understanding of
ideas
4
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
response makes cogent
connections regarding the
benefits of the individual steps
of the four-step process and
the process as a whole
Evaluation: Personal, Meets “Proficient” criteria and
Professional, or
provides cogent examples
Academic Experiences regarding the personal,
professional, or academic
applications of the four-step
public relations process
Articulation of
Response
Submission is free of errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, and
organization and is presented in
a professional and easy-to-read
format
Total
6
100%
COM 227 Module Six Evaluation Checklist
Before you submit your presentation to your supervisor for review, you must double check that it contains all the topic areas and items requested. Using the
evaluation checklist below, assess the draft of your presentation (the milestones you have submitted in previous modules) against the assignment requirements
outlined in the Final Project Rubric. This will help you to identify what to improve on or change in your presentation before submitting the final version next
week.
In addition to responding to the Module Six journal assignment prompts, be sure to attach this completed checklist as your self-evaluation of the presentation in
the journal entry.
Critical Elements
Exemplary (100%)
Implementing: Meets “Proficient” criteria,
History of Public and response
Relations
demonstrates keen insight
into the critical milestones
in public relations and how
they relate to the growth
and history of the field
Implementing:
Modern Public
Relations
Meets “Proficient” criteria,
and response
demonstrates keen insight
into the idea of modern
public relations
Proficient (85%)
Needs Improvement (55%)
Not Evident (0%)
Provides a brief overview
of the history of public
relations, including critical
milestones and the growth
of the field
Provides an overview of
the history of public
relations as presented in
the course, but overview is
cursory, not brief, or does
not include the critical
milestones and growth of
the field
Explains the idea of
modern public relations,
supporting with evidence
from the course or prior
research
Explains the idea of
Does not explain the idea
modern public relations,
of modern public relations
but explanation is cursory,
contains inaccuracies, or is
not supported with
evidence from the course
or prior research
Does not provide an
overview of the history of
public relations as
presented in the course
Evaluation
What level does your presentation rate:
exemplary, proficient, or other? Provide details
as to how your presentation achieved
exemplary or proficient status or what changes
you can make to achieve one of those levels.
Implementing:
Practice Today
Meets “Proficient” criteria,
and response makes
cogent connections
regarding the relationship
between the past history of
public relations and the
modern practice of public
relations
Explains how the history of
the field has influenced the
perception of the practice
of public relations today,
supporting connections
with evidence from the
course or prior research
Explains how the history of
the field has influenced the
perception of the practice
of public relations today.
but explanation is cursory,
contains inaccuracies, or is
not supported with
evidence from the course
or prior research
Does not explain how the
history of the field has
influenced the perception
of the practice of public
relations today
Implementing:
Approach
Meets “Proficient” criteria,
and response
demonstrates a
sophisticated awareness of
the professional
approaches to addressing
issues of ethics used in the
field of public relations
Determines a professional
approach that could be
used in addressing ethical
issues regarding public
relations with evidence
from prior research and
planning
Determines a professional
approach that could be
used in addressing ethical
issues regarding public
relations, but
determination is cursory,
contains inaccuracies, or is
not supported with
evidence from prior
research and planning
Does not determine a
professional approach that
could be used in
addressing ethical issues
regarding public relations
Implementing:
Best Practices
and AP Writing
Style
Meets “Proficient” criteria,
and presentation and
accompanying speaker
notes demonstrate a
sophisticated awareness of
when and how to use best
practices and AP style in
public relations projects
Utilizes appropriate best
practices and AP style
throughout the
presentation and
accompanying speaker
notes
Utilizes best practices and
AP style throughout the
presentation and
accompanying speaker
notes, but utilization
contains inaccuracies or is
not appropriate
Does not utilize best
practices and AP style
throughout the
presentation and
accompanying speaker
notes
Evaluation:
Improved
Meets “Proficient” criteria,
and makes a cogent
defense of potential
improvements
Explains potential ways
that any errors or issues in
the presentation could be
improved and justifies
response
Explains potential ways
that any errors or issues in
the presentation could be
improved but does not
justify response, or
explanation is cursory or
illogical
Does not explain potential
ways that any errors or
issues in the presentation
could be improved
Evaluation: Four- Meets “Proficient” criteria,
Step Public
and response makes
Relations Process cogent connections
regarding the benefits of
the individual steps of the
four-step process and the
process as a whole
Explains how the
completed presentation
benefited from the fourstep public relations
process
Explains how the
completed presentation
benefited from the fourstep public relations
process, but explanation is
cursory or illogical
Does not explain how the
completed presentation
benefited from the fourstep public relations
process
Evaluation:
Personal,
Professional, or
Academic
Experiences
Meets “Proficient” criteria
and provides cogent
examples regarding the
personal, professional, or
academic applications of
the four-step public
relations process
Explains how the four-step
public relations process
could be used to plan for
personal, professional, or
academic experiences in
the future, and supports
with examples
Explains how the four-step
public relations process
could be used to plan for
personal, professional, or
academic experiences in
the future, but explanation
is cursory or illogical
Does not explain how the
four-step public relations
process could be used to
plan for personal,
professional, or academic
experiences in the future
Articulation of
Response
Submission is free of errors
related to citations,
grammar, spelling, syntax,
and organization and is
presented in a professional
and easy-to-read format
Submission has no major
errors related to citations,
grammar, spelling, syntax,
or organization
Submission has major
errors related to citations,
grammar, spelling, syntax,
or organization that
negatively impact
readability and articulation
of main ideas
Submission has critical
errors related to citations,
grammar, spelling, syntax,
or organization that
prevent understanding of
ideas

Purchase answer to see full
attachment

Explanation & Answer:
1 Page

Tags:
communications

planning process

SelfReflection Journal

User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool’s honor code & terms of service.

Reviews, comments, and love from our customers and community:

Article Writing

Keep doing what you do, I am really impressed by the work done.

Alexender

Researcher

PowerPoint Presentation

I am speechless…WoW! Thank you so much!

Stacy V.

Part-time student

Dissertation & Thesis

This was a very well-written paper. Great work fast.

M.H.H. Tony

Student

Annotated Bibliography

I love working with this company. You always go above and beyond and exceed my expectations every time.

Francisca N.

Student

Book Report / Review

I received my order wayyyyyyy sooner than I expected. Couldn’t ask for more.

Mary J.

Student

Essay (Any Type)

On time, perfect paper

Prof. Kate (Ph.D)

Student

Case Study

Awesome! Great papers, and early!

Kaylin Green

Student

Proofreading & Editing

Thank you Dr. Rebecca for editing my essays! She completed my task literally in 3 hours. For sure will work with her again, she is great and follows all instructions

Rebecca L.

Researcher

Critical Thinking / Review

Extremely thorough summary, understanding and examples found for social science readings, with edits made as needed and on time. Transparent

Arnold W.

Customer

Coursework

Perfect!

Joshua W.

Student

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>