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Questions 1-30 = 3 points
Question 31 = 10 points
100 points total
• Open Notes
• All Key Terms are listed at the end of the Document
• Please Bold/Highlight/or Color your Answers
1. ___________________ were Christians who practiced an extremely strict
form of their faith by abstaining from all worldly pleasures including sex,
food, and comfortable clothing. Two of the most famous of these figures
were _____________________ and _____________________. The first
was a rich man who converted to Christianity and sold all of his possessions
and gave the money to the poor, and the second was a man who tried to
escape the corrupt world below by living on top of a tall pillar for over
2. ______________________ is the name that Romans gave to non-Romans
who spoke a different language that they couldn’t understand. It was these
people who eventually invaded and conquered Rome, leading to its
3. ____________________ was one of the most important figures of the
Protestant Reformation. He used a new invention called the
__________________ to spread a document he wrote called the
__________________, which contained his criticisms of the Catholic
4. ________________________ are the body parts of Saints or objects
associated with Jesus Christ, such as the crown of thorns. These items were
seen as holy and worshipped by early Christians.
5. An important moment in the Christian story is when the angel
___________________ informed Mary that she would give birth to Jesus.
This moment is known as the ___________________. This same angel also
plays a central role in the Islamic story, with Muslims believing that the
angel also revealed the Quran to the ________________________.
6. Two important concepts in the Quran are the idea that Jews, Christians and
Muslims all worship the same God and can be called
_____________________. Another important concept is that in the afterlife
there will be a _____________________ with some going to eternal
paradise and others going to eternal pain and torture in hell.
7. One of the major parts in the life of Jesus is known as the
_____________________, when he faced a spiritual battle against Satan in
the desert while fasting and meditating. Another religious figure,
________________, who lived centuries before Jesus, faced a similar
spiritual battle on his path toward Enlightenment.
8. Even though Jesus is the central figure in Christianity,
____________________ were the true founders of the Christian Church.
Both men were killed and became martyrs during Nero’s persecution of the
9. Christianity had to compete with several other pagan religions, such as the
religion of the prophet ___________________ whose birthday was
celebrated on December 25.
10.One of the biggest criticisms of the Catholic Church was that the Bible was
forbidden to be translated into any other language than Latin, and most
people couldn’t read Latin. People began to call for a
___________________, or a Bible in their own language, whether it was
German, English, French, etc.
11.One of the most important figures in the history of Christianity was the
Roman general and emperor ______________________. On the night
before ________________________ he had a vision of the Christian cross
in the sky and told his soldiers to paint the cross of their shields before the
battle, believing that the Christian god would lead them to victory. When his
soldiers won the battle and he became emperor, one of the first things he did
was legalize the Christian religion with the ______________________.
12.The ___________________ was a holy war called by the pope in 1063 to
reconquer Spain and retake it from the Muslims and turn it Christian again.
____________________ was a holy war called by the pope in 1095 to retake
Jerusalem from the Muslims and reclaim it for Christianity.
13.The ______________________ is the name for the Christian ritual of
drinking wine and eating bread to reenact the last supper of Jesus.
___________________ is the official doctrine of the Catholic Church which
says that when the Bishop performs this ritual the bread and wine literally
transform into body and blood.
14._________________________ is one of the first attempts to logically argue
and try to prove the existence of God.
15.___________________ was a Christian who founded an influential religious
order. His claim to fame was that he miraculously received the
__________________, or the wounds of Christ.
16.______________________, or the hatred and discrimination of Jewish
people, started when Christians blamed them for crucifying Christ by
choosing to free a criminal named __________________ instead of
17._____________________ means the official, true, correct belief of the
Christian faith. ______________________ means the unofficial, false,
incorrect beliefs that are not approved by the Church. If someone was
accused of practicing the wrong type of Christianity they could face
_______________________, or removal and exclusion from the Church.
18.______________________ was an extremely influential thinker in the
Christian faith who believed that it was much more important to please the
soul than the body. He also championed several important ideas that are still
part of Christianity today. One was the idea of __________________, or the
idea that all humans are born with the sin committed by Adam and Eve in
the Garden of Eden. The other idea is known as
_______________________, or the idea that life is too complex to have
randomly evolved and must be the intentional result of a Creator.
19.Two of the most important locations in the history of Islam are
_________________ and ________________. The first is the birthplace of
Muhammad and the location of the sacred shrine/temple called the
______________________. The second location is where Muhammad
moved to in the year 622 and began converting followers to his new faith.
20.One of the rallying cries of the Protestant Reformation was
____________________, or the idea that Christians didn’t need the Catholic
Church or the Pope to be a good Christian and attain salvation in the
afterlife. Once the Christian Church split into two opposing groups,
Catholics and Protestants, they didn’t live in peace, but massacred each other
in extremely bloody and brutal wars called the ______________________.
21.The _______________________ was a special court set up by the Catholic
Church to find and punish those who did not practice the faith in the correct
way or held blasphemous beliefs. One person who was interrogated by this
court and burned alive was _____________________, a sixteen-year-old
French peasant girl who claimed that God spoke to her.
22.____________________ was an influential Christian thinker who
revolutionized Christianity by infusing his faith with the logic and reason of
Greek philosophy, specifically the teachings of Aristotle. He taught that the
world and the body was not corrupt, but a beautiful part of God’s creation.
He gave rise to a new strand of Christian learning called
____________________ which combined faith and reason.
23.One of the ways that Christianity survived and was able to spread was
through a strict organizational structure, with ___________________ being
the leaders of each church, and the _____________________ being the
supreme leader of the entire Christian/Catholic faith.
24.The ______________________(meaning “rebirth”) was a movement within
Christianity that attempted to combine Christian faith with Greek mythology
and pagan learning. This was largely an artistic movement that saw many
Christians painting scenes from Greek and Roman mythology, like the
25.____________________ is the name of the first barbarian king who
converted to Christianity, setting the example that all barbarian kings would
follow. Even a group of pagans from Scandinavia called the
______________who were known for raiding Christian communities and
terrorizing Christian Europe eventually converted to Christianity.
26.The __________________ was a terrible disease that swept through Europe
in the 1300s. Christians blamed Jews for spreading the disease and
massacred entire Jewish towns in acts of Anti-Semitic violence known as
___________________. This time period was so full of death and despair it
gave rise to an artistic motif called the _______________________, which
depicted people of all ranks and walks of life marching to the grave.
27.One of the first major beliefs of the Christian church that caused debate and
dissension was the idea of the ___________________, or the concept that
God was three things in one: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
28. The pope called many crusades against the supposed “enemies of Christ,”
but one of the darkest moments was when he called a crusade against a
group of Christians and ordered their exile and death. This is known as the
29. One of the episodes that made many Christians lose faith in the Catholic
Church was the ______________________, or the moment when there were
three popes and no one knew who the legitimate pope was.
30.Which is an example of Gothic Architecture and which is an example of
The above is an example of _______________________________.
The above is an example of _______________________________.
Question 31 = 10 points
• Respond to the following question in a short reply (roughly 200 words)
Question: Do you consider yourself more of a Plato (“Up” person) or more of
an Aristotle (“Down” person)? A Plato is someone who believes that the soul
and the metaphysical realm is more important than the body and the physical
world. An Aristotle believes that the body is more important than the soul, and
the physical world that we can see is more important than what we can’t see
(Heaven, soul, etc.). Has this class changed your views? Or reinforced them?
(Not all Key Terms are
used on the Exam)
1. The Annunciation
3. Three Temptations of
8. Peter and Paul
13. St. Simeon
14. St. Antony
17. The Battle of Milvian
18. Edict of Milan
25. St. Augustine
26. Original Sin
27. Intelligent Design
29. Prophet Muhammad
30. Mecca (Makkah)
31. Medina (Madinah)
People of the Book
Day of Judgement
The First Crusade
William of Norwich
St. Thomas Aquinas
The Black Death
Dance of Death
Joan of Arc
The Birth of Venus
Wars of Religion
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