Gender Differences in Communication Paper

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Instructions
Goal: The goal of this assignment is to write a well-developed paper that explores the interpersonal communication topics from your week four outline and annotated bibliography assignment.

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Annotated Bibliography for Gender Differences in Communication
Edward Thompson
AMU
COMM285
March 6, 2022
2
Gender Differences in Communication
Annotated Bibliography
According to the research findings, women and men are more prone to use distinct verbal
communication styles than one another. Generally speaking, report talk is mostly used by men in
expressing their views and points. In contrast, women mostly use rapport talk to express their
feelings through words. The report style of communication is characterized by sharing factual
information to solve a specific issue. In addition, women, according to research, are more
sensitive than males to the interpersonal meanings that are sent between the lines in the
communications they share with their partners, according to the results of studies. Cultural norms
frequently place the onus on women to regulate intimacy or the degree they allow people to
become close to them. The annotated bibliography uses five sources to formulate and compare
gender differences in communication from various studies.
Annotated Bibliography
Sources
Huang, L., Joshi, P., Wakslak, C., & Wu, A. (2021). Sizing up entrepreneurial potential:
Gender differences in communication and investor perceptions of long-term growth and
scalability. Academy of Management Journal, 64(3), 716-740.
Huang and other scholars argue that the women generations have been reported to
experience difficulties compared to male counterparts, particularly when getting money and
resources, either materialistic or financial, to maintain and expand their companies. Huang uses
case studies to analyze how discrepancies in financing results may be attributed to variations in
how gender discrimination explain their initiatives, with female using more specific language
than their male comparisons. We discover that abstract discourse influences investors’ judgments
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of whether companies are geared towards scalability and long-term growth, influencing the
chance of a venture receiving finance. We end by discussing the critical significance of
communication style as a crucial mediating factor in shaping investor cognition. This article
helps audiences understand the gender imbalances witnessed by Huang in communication
channel studies.
Gnambs, T. (2021). The development of gender differences in information and
communication technology (ICT) literacy in middle adolescence. Computers in Human
Behavior, 114, 106533.
The fast development of contemporary communication and information mechanisms has
significantly altered essentials of abilities required to communicate, engage, and work in a decent
community properly. As a result, several nations have devised national programs to promote
digital competencies in workplaces and schools. However, several studies have identified
significant inter-individual variances in ICT literacy among teenagers despite this broad goal.
The gender of the responders, in particular, has been recognized as a critical element. According
to prevalent research and theory, cultural prejudices and beliefs may lead to gender inequalities
in computer abilities and technology usage.
Games stated that it is supposed to be noted that the gender differences in adolescents as
observed in ICT literacy that occurred throughout middle adolescence were relatively tiny. As a
result, future studies should determine whether the impact transitions in different age groups and
samples. Furthermore, it is uncertain if the effect builds up over time, resulting in excessively
unexpected gender disparities during the transition to maturity and beyond. Finally, no evidence
was found for ideas about gender role orientations. Gender inequalities at ICT literacy were
comparable across respondents who emphasized various preconceptions about men and women.
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These findings do not support previous studies found. Strong correlations between gender
stereotypes of endorsing students in different grades and domains or between changes in domainspecific skills of girls and boys and gender role orientations. This article presents methodological
research conducted by Gnambs and co-relates to gender differences in a working situation, as
witnessed from Gnambs research in an ICT working field where gender discrimination among
young adults was evident. More discrimination was witnessed with the increasing ages in women
and men. It is possible that certain ICT characteristics, such as informational and technological
characteristics, are connected with various preconceptions. No gender discrimination should be
expressed as all people are equal per technology.
Barnett, M. D., Maciel, I. V., Johnson, D. M., & Ciepluch, I. (2021). Social anxiety and
perceived social support: Gender differences and the mediating role of communication
styles. Psychological Reports, 124(1), 70-87.
Barnett agrees with Gnambs that lower perceived social support has been associated with
social anxiety. There is some evidence that communication styles are used to discuss this
association. Furthermore, a corpus of research has discovered gender variations in
communication, exemplary social support, and social anxiety. This study aimed to compare
social support and perceived anxiety and see if these interactions differed by gender. Due to
certain expressions, social anxiety was connected with poorer social support in women and men.
Women’s social anxiety was associated with decreased verbal aggression and more emotionality.
Therapy should provide a safe space for socially anxious people to understand undependable
talking skills and get the ability and confidence to apply them to increase and boost their support
knowledge and intelligence. This article aims to get deeper into the details of social support
linked to social anxiety and social support expressing lower expressiveness.
5
ÖZTUNÇ, M., & YILDIRIM, G. Gender Communication and Leadership: A Qualitative
Research in Managerial Level. Türkiye İletişim Araştırmaları Dergisi, (38), 477-496.
This article is essential in that as a consequence of women’s efforts throughout the years,
more women compared to before are now getting into the labor sector and assuming top
management positions; nonetheless, women’s presence in managerial processes remains limited
in virtually all nations. Gender preconceptions or issues in gender communication might be
identified as barriers to women’s job advancement. In this context, the goal of this study was to
identify communication abilities and obstacles among senior managers based on behavioral
patterns, gender communication language, and male and female leaders’ impressions of one
another.
The study used qualitative analysis based on semi-structured questionnaires to analyze
how female and male CEOs assess one other. Instead of coding simply significant concepts, a
grounded coding method with extensive interviews was used to understand better. Following the
completion of the coding process, cluster analysis was used to investigate the commonalities of
the codes, allowing for a thorough knowledge of gender inequalities across large-scale corporate
businesses in Turkey. The findings suggest that gender-based roles and gender stereotypes in
Turkish corporate enterprises are consistent with the literature and reveal unexpected trends.
Although women’s understanding of their communication abilities has grown, it is clear that they
still accept some gender stereotypes.
Joshi, P. D., Wakslak, C. J., Appel, G., & Huang, L. (2020). Gender differences in
communicative abstraction. Journal of personality and social psychology, 118(3), 417.
In this article, Joshi and other scholars investigate differences in gender linguistics using
a study design that involves posits that seeing a communicative audience as proximal rather than
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distant enables audience and speakers to pose information more concretely. From a comparative
analysis of previous research on the impact of communication in the distance, we discovered that
in situations where the audience is defined as psychologically close, women speak more
concretely than males. When speakers contemplate distance that affects the audience has been
rendered salient, it leads to the erasing of gender variations that are considered salient. The
scholars use studies to learn gender differences based on audience nature. This article is essential
in implementing and conducting the research to get better results related to gender
communication differences.
Several studies are used to research that Scholars discovered that males communicate
more abstractly than women in a written experimental scenario, a vast corpus of online blog
postings, and real-world congressional speeches. When power changes are conducted
experimentally and change witnessed, these gender disparities in speech abstraction appear.
Joshi, in his research, agrees that differences in linguistic abstraction result from several
interconnected processes, communication motives involving distance or proximity, audience
distance and homogeneity perceptions, and powerful experience. This study uncovers early
evidence that ladies’ propensity to participate in small social networks might mediate gender
differences in linguistic abstraction.
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References
Barnett, M. D., Maciel, I. V., Johnson, D. M., & Ciepluch, I. (2021). Social anxiety and
perceived social support: Gender differences and the mediating role of communication
styles. Psychological Reports, 124(1), 70-87.
Gnambs, T. (2021). The development of gender differences in information and communication
technology (ICT) literacy in middle adolescence. Computers in Human Behavior, 114,
106533.
Huang, L., Joshi, P., Wakslak, C., & Wu, A. (2021). Sizing up entrepreneurial potential: Gender
differences in communication and investor perceptions of long-term growth and
scalability. Academy of Management Journal, 64(3), 716-740.
Joshi, P. D., Wakslak, C. J., Appel, G., & Huang, L. (2020). Gender differences in
communicative abstraction. Journal of personality and social psychology, 118(3), 417.
ÖZTUNÇ, M., & YILDIRIM, G. Gender Communication and Leadership: A Qualitative
Research in Managerial Level. Türkiye İletişim Araştırmaları Dergisi, (38), 477-496.
1
Outline
Annotated Bibliography for Gender Differences in Communication
Edward Thompson
AMU
COMM285
March 6, 2022
2
Outline
Gender Differences in Communication
Annotated Bibliography
According to the research findings, women and men are more prone to use distinct verbal
communication styles than one another.
Annotated Bibliography
Sources
Huang, L., Joshi, P., Wakslak, C., & Wu, A. (2021). Sizing up entrepreneurial potential:
Gender differences in communication and investor perceptions of long-term growth and
scalability. Academy of Management Journal, 64(3), 716-740.
Huang and other scholars argue that the women generations have been reported to
experience difficulties compared to male counterparts, particularly when getting money and
resources either materialistic or financial they are required to maintain and expand their
companies.
Gnambs, T. (2021). The development of gender differences in information and
communication technology (ICT) literacy in middle adolescence. Computers in Human
Behavior, 114, 106533.
The fast development of contemporary information and communication technologies
(ICT) has significantly altered the types of abilities required to communicate, engage, and work
in decent community properly.
Barnett, M. D., Maciel, I. V., Johnson, D. M., & Ciepluch, I. (2021). Social anxiety and
perceived social support: Gender differences and the mediating role of communication
styles. Psychological Reports, 124(1), 70-87.
3
Barnett agrees with Gnambs that lower perceived social support has been associated with
social anxiety.
ÖZTUNÇ, M., & YILDIRIM, G. Gender Communication and Leadership: A Qualitative
Research in Managerial Level. Türkiye İletişim Araştırmaları Dergisi, (38), 477-496.
This article is essential in that as a consequence of women’s efforts throughout the years,
more women compared to as before be now getting into the labor sector and assuming top
management positions.
Joshi, P. D., Wakslak, C. J., Appel, G., & Huang, L. (2020). Gender differences in
communicative abstraction. Journal of personality and social psychology, 118(3), 417.
In this article, Joshi and other scholars investigate differences in gender linguistic using a
study deign that involves use of level theory, which posits that seeing a communicative audience
as proximal rather than distant enables speakers to frame messages more concretely.
References
Barnett, M. D., Maciel, I. V., Johnson, D. M., & Ciepluch, I. (2021). Social anxiety and
perceived social support: Gender differences and the mediating role of communication
styles. Psychological Reports, 124(1), 70-87.
Gnambs, T. (2021). The development of gender differences in information and communication
technology (ICT) literacy in middle adolescence. Computers in Human Behavior, 114,
106533.
Huang, L., Joshi, P., Wakslak, C., & Wu, A. (2021). Sizing up entrepreneurial potential: Gender
differences in communication and investor perceptions of long-term growth and
scalability. Academy of Management Journal, 64(3), 716-740.
4
Joshi, P. D., Wakslak, C. J., Appel, G., & Huang, L. (2020). Gender differences in
communicative abstraction. Journal of personality and social psychology, 118(3), 417.
ÖZTUNÇ, M., & YILDIRIM, G. Gender Communication and Leadership: A Qualitative
Research in Managerial Level. Türkiye İletişim Araştırmaları Dergisi, (38), 477-496.

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INTERPERSONAL

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