FIU Conflict Stages of The Genocides in Rwanda and Darfur Discussion


From April-July 1994, over 800,000 people were killed in a genocide in Rwanda. Since 2004, over 450,000 people have been killed in a genocide in Darfur, Sudan. In both instances, physical and sexual dehumanization were used against the targeted groups. Chart the stages of the conflict, write the of the conflict as a series of stages using Pondy or Rummel. What role, if any, did social identity, social categorization, and other intergroup processes play in the conflict? Identify instances of deindividualization and power dominance.Rummel Model: In the Rummel model the first stage is latent where both sides know what bothers each other but usually none of them act to actually start a greater conflict. The second stage is the initial triggering event. This is what causes the conflict to truly go to the next level. The triggering event can be when one side pushes their luck or one of the sides initiates the “battle” if you will and puts an end to the latent stage where no one is acting on anything. Third is the open stage where the conflict turns into a back and forth argument, potentially using force, threats and rewards to win (The war has truly started here). The fourth stage is the balance of power. This is a stage where both sides identify who holds more power and if either side is truly all “good” or “bad”. The fifth stage is the Disruption Stage which is when the conflict reverts back to its beginning and potentially starts over.Pondy Model: The next model is the Pondy model. The first stage in Pondy is also latent since only one party is aware of the situation. The next stage here is the Perceived stage. This is when both sides know that a conflict is about to start. The third stage is the felt stage which is an emotionally charged stage similar to the Open stage from the previous model. This means in this stage there is aggression and there are threats like in the other model, however, the difference here is that both parties were not aware of what was going on until the perceived stage. The fourth stage is Manifest stage. This is where the sides become more aggressive, more forceful, or withdraw from each other. Common things that may happen in this stage are both sides suppressing things or trying to escape from the situation. The final stage here is aftermath stage. This is when the cycle doesn’t repeat like in the last model. It is deciding what will happen next, how will things be executed now. How both sides will react will be determined here.

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